Science proved to be a blessing for four women who were born with Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome due to which they had an underdeveloped or absent vagina and uterus.
A major discovery changed their lives completely when a group of scientists from Mexico, Switzerland and the United States successfully developed reproductive organs and nasal cartilage in the laboratory. The scientist took the surgeries between 2005 and 2008 when the four patients were in their age group 13 -18. Now, the good news is all the four women have a healthy sexual life, i.e., they experience pain-free intercourse and orgasm.
Two new studies have elaborated on the new development in the medical science. The first article has the success story of the replacement of reproductive organs in four teenage girls born with a missing or malformed vagina or uterus. In the second study, scientists have thrown light on how they replaced portions of noses that had been removed after cancer surgery.
The researches began the repair in both the cases by creating a three-dimensional scaffold in the size and shape of the missing organs. The scaffold is made out of a material that slowly dissolves into the organ as it grows. Then small pieces of muscle and tissue were taken, using those cells to seed the growth of the organs or cartilage across the constructed scaffold. In a few weeks time, the cells take good hold and they grow to cover the scaffold, forming tissue which is then implanted in the patient.
According to the researchers, the procedure has almost no complications, even after years of follow-up.
The findings of the studies are published in the British journal The Lancet.