Recent scientific reports released by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration reveal that climate changes, such as, El Nino, warm oceans could turn 2015 into the hottest year, so far. The first four months of the year have registered record-high temperatures in comparison with the rates that were noticed a decade ago, within the same interval.
Scientists, who are generally preoccupied with environmental and climate changes have many more reasons to fear the worst is coming. They are grounding their pessimistic visions on the recent statistics that the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration has made available to the press and the public.
Their recent researches show that the effects of El Nino could cause ocean waters to warm excessively. This could, in turn, lead to incredibly high temperatures set to be recorded in 2015.
Experts wanted to identify the factors that have led to an unusual increase in temperature rates since the beginning of 2015. Statistics have shown that the interval between January 2015 and May 2015 has been the hottest since the 20th century. Degrees are expected to grow in the following months as El Nino starts to advance.
El Nino is the meteorological phenomenon deriving from temperature oscillations registered within the waters of the ocean. The phenomenon takes place every 3-6 years as a result of the wind weakening process in the Pacific Ocean. Oceanic waters become, thus, warmer than usual all over the west area causing a warmth in the entire atmosphere.
Meteorologists have not yet made predictions in relation to the duration and the effects of El Nino, but they expect it to be just as powerful as usual. Warmer oceanic waters will increase Earth’s overall temperature.
These findings would not normally worry people if it weren’t for the recent record high temperatures that the Earth has registered. According to their explanation, the January – April warm wave is usually specific for the early months of the summer. Given these circumstances, the summer months will most likely be scorching.
During the first four months of the current year, waters were 0.8 points warmer than levels registered since 2010. Compared to the past century values, waters are now 0.74 points hotter.
NOAA has used data that was registered in the past 136 years to determine temperature rates for the current year. The hottest period so far occurred in the interval between September 1997 and August 1998 when the Earth registered more or less the same temperature values as nowadays.
Image Source: Robert Scribbler